The Scottish sheepdog (Collie) in its current form comes from the northern regions of England and Scotland. The first descriptions of British dogs similar to the collie are found in one of the books about the dogs of the British Isles of the 1790 edition. This breed of dogs in the book refers to shepherd dogs. Mentioned dogs, most likely, were the original material for breeding work on further breeding of English breeds such as long-haired collie, short-haired collie and border collie.

The name “collie” does not say about anything. So called dogs from the northern part of the UK. Also, the word “col” means “dark”, which can indicate on the black color of dogs. This word also means “circle”, “collar” and can relate to a typical white collar and white breast of dogs.

At one of the first English dog shows, held in 1860, formed a class of sheep dogs. Prior to that, at the exhibitions were attended mainly by pointers and setters. The Scottish sheepdog in its original form was not very beautiful, and did not use special success at exhibitions. Then in 1870, were divided the short-tailed shepherd dogs, long-haired and smooth-haired collies. From this moment, you can count the breeding work of breeding the collie.

Also, the great influence on the development of the collie was rendered by the British Queen Victoria. It is possible that at the initial stage of breeding, the royal dog breeders interbreed the collies with dogs of other breeds. Most likely these were greyhounds and setters. As a result, there was a breed of collie, which in our time is a symbol of the mind and beauty.

After the first exhibitions were held, in which took part the prototypes of modern collies, the working qualities of these dogs (originally this was a shepherd’s dog) receded into the background. In the first place for the breeders came out a beautiful appearance.

The exterior of modern Scottish sheep dogs has changed dramatically over the past 100 years, but the nature and instincts of these dogs that have been formed for centuries have been preserved. Therefore, today we observe the clearly expressed shepherd’s instinct of a collie. The unpretentiousness of the shepherd dog, strong health and strong affection for people are clearly recorded in the genetic code of the Scottish sheepdog.

Caring for a dog (teeth, ears, claws).

Many people know that dogs may have plaque, which in turn leads to stomatitis, dental caries, appears halitosis.
Regular brushing of the teeth protects dogs from the tartar and the associated with it serious consequences. There are special toothpastes for dogs that have a pleasant to taste and odor for the animal. They are tailored to the composition of the enamel and the saliva of the dog. Some dog owners prepare their own paste, mixing the white chalk, soda and lemon juice.
You should brush dog’s teeth twice a week for 2 minutes. You should accustom dog to this procedure from puppyhood, then, an adult dog gets used to the necessary hygiene procedures without problems.


You should once in every few weeks to clean the ears of your pet.
For cleaning of dog’s ears, use a piece of fleece or cotton swab, you also can wound on a finger a piece of bandage previously soaked in vegetable oil or water.
In no event it is impossible to wipe the ear with hydrogen peroxide, as it can cause burns and irritation of the auditory meatus.
A sign of inflammation of the dog’s ear is its redness. The dog begins constantly scratch its ear, shake its head. If you notice such signs, you should contact your veterinarian, because can be a lot of causes of inflammation of the ear and easier to treat illnesses at an early stage.

It is important to monitor the condition of the dog’s claws. Dogs who regularly run on a hard surface, such as asphalt, do not require additional care for their nails, because they are worn down to a normal length while running.
If you left too long claws – will be limited movement freedom of the dog.

You should purchase the special tools. They differ in size (small and large) and type (guillotine and tongs).


There are different information about when it was domesticated dog, 15 or 20 thousand years ago, however, despite the controversy, experts agree the opinion that the first domesticated animal was the dog.

All domestic dogs are part of the same family, Canis Familiaris. What needs a man who tamed a bold and strong animal? He needs an ally, guard of house, cattle. Probably, a guard – the first and oldest “profession” of dog.

There is evidence that in the army of Assyria and Babylon, as well as Alexander the Great, were “dogs-warriors.” Scary dogs did not know pity and fear, and the outcome of the battle often depended on the success of their activities.

In those ancient times were very popular dog fighting. Specially grown fighting dogs fought each other in the arena of the circus. Nowadays, in circuses, you also can see the dogs, but their role is quite different: as the most real artists, they, along with the clowns play scenes and mini-performances. How many memorable images of true and loyal friends the dogs have created in movies!

A lot of dogs around the world serve in law enforcement. From dog, working in the police, is required to be intelligent, attentive and in any case not cruel, and at the same time, if necessary, it should be able by the command of instructor to hold the offender. Bloodhounds are specially trained to detect certain odors. Dogs are often used in the fight against drug trafficking. Dog flair can detect drugs hidden even in thick-walled metal box. Experts say that the dog is able to distinguish more than 2,500 fragrances!

As a guide dog for blind people, the dogs have been used for hundreds of years. Also, in a number of countries is conducted training of dogs therapists for children with special needs and for people with problems of the musculoskeletal system.

There are more than 400 breeds of dogs in the world. And there is no “best” or “worst”. Each breed has its needs and specifics.